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From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

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From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby MrH » Sun Mar 20, 2016 12:11 am

A united Cyprus gained independence from British rule in August 1960, after both Greek and Turkish Cypriots agreed to respectively abandon plans for enosis (union with Greece) and taksim (Turkish for "partition"). The agreement involved Cyprus being governed under a constitution which apportioned Cabinet posts, parliamentary seats and civil service jobs on an agreed ratio between the two communities. Within three years, tensions between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots in administrative affairs began to show. In particular, disputes over separate municipalities and taxation created a deadlock in government. In 1963 President Makarios proposed unilateral changes to the constitution, via 13 amendments. Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots rejected the proposed amendments, claiming that this was an attempt to settle constitutional disputes in favour of the Greek Cypriots[12] and as a means of demoting Turkish status from co-founders of the state to one of minority status removing their constitutional safeguards in the process. Turkish Cypriots filed a lawsuit against the 13 amendments in the Supreme Constitutional Court of Cyprus (SCCC). Makarios announced that he would not comply with whatever the decision of the SCCC would be,[13] and defended his amendments as being necessary "to resolve constitutional deadlocks" as opposed to the stance of the SCCC.[14] On 25 April 1963, the SCCC decided that Makarios' 13 amendments were illegal. The Cyprus Supreme Court's ruling found that Makarios had violated the constitution by failing to fully implement its measures and that Turkish Cypriots had not been allowed to return to their positions in government without first accepting the proposed constitutional amendments.[15] On 21 May, the president of the SCCC resigned due to the Makarios' stance. On 15 July, Makarios ignored the decision of the SCCC.[16]After the resignation of the president of the SCCC, the SCCC ceased to exist. The Supreme Court of Cyprus (SCC) was formed by merging the SCCC and the High Court of Cyprus and undertook the jurisdiction and powers of the SCCC and HCC.[17] On 30 November, Makarios legalized the 13 proposals. In 1963, the Greek Cypriot wing of the government created the Akritas planwhich outlined a policy that would remove Turkish Cypriots from the government and ultimately lead to union with Greece. The plan stated that if the Turkish Cypriots objected then they should be "violently subjugated before foreign powers could intervene".[18]

On 21 December 1963, shots were fired at a Turkish Cypriot crowd that had gathered as the Greek police patrol stopped two Turkish Cypriots, claiming to ask for identification; two Turkish Cypriots were killed.[19] Almost immediately, intercommunal violence broke out with a major Greek Cypriot paramilitary attack upon Turkish Cypriots in Nicosia andLarnaca. Though the TMT—a Turkish resistance group created in 1959 to promote a policy of taksim (division or partition of Cyprus), in opposition to the Greek Cypriot nationalist group EOKA and its advocacy ofenosis (union of Cyprus with Greece)—committed a number of acts of retaliation, historian of the Cyprus conflict Keith Kylenoted that "there is no doubt that the main victims of the numerous incidents that took place during the next few months were Turks".[12] Seven hundred Turkish hostages, including children, were taken from the northern suburbs of Nicosia. Nikos Sampson, a nationalist and future coup leader, led a group of Greek Cypriot irregulars into the mixed suburb of Omorphita/Küçük Kaymaklıand attacked the Turkish Cypriot population.[20] By 1964, 364 Turkish Cypriots and 174 Greek Cypriots had been killed.[21]

Turkish Cypriot members of the government had by now withdrawn, creating an essentially Greek Cypriot administration in control of all institutions of the state. After the partnership government collapsed, the Greek Cypriot led administration was recognized as the legitimate government of the Republic of Cyprus at the stage of the debates in New York in February 1964.[22] In September 1964, then–United Nations Secretary General, U Thant reported "UNFICYP carried out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout the island during the disturbances; it shows that in 109 villages, most of them Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed while 2,000 others have suffered damage from looting".[23]Widespread looting of Turkish Cypriot villages prompted 20,000 refugees to retreat intoarmed enclaves, where they remained for the next 11 years,[24] relying on food and medical supplies from Turkey to survive. Turkish Cypriots formed paramilitary groups to defend the enclaves, leading to a gradual division of the island's communities into two hostile camps. The violence had also seen thousands of Turkish Cypriots attempt to escape the violence by emigrating to Britain, Australia and Turkey.[25] On 28 December 1967, the Turkish Cypriot Provisional Administration was founded.[26]

1974–1983

Main articles: 1974 Cypriot coup d'état,Turkish invasion of Cyprus and Turkish Federated State of Cyprus

Rauf Denktaş, founder and former President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

On 6 July 1974, Makarios accused the Greek government of turning the Cypriot National Guard into an army of occupation.[27] On 15 July 1974, the Greek military junta of 1967–74and the Cypriot National Guard backed aGreek Cypriot military coup d'état in Cyprus. Pro-Enosis Nikos Sampson replaced President Makarios as the new dictator.[28]The Greek Cypriot coupists proclaimed the establishment of the "Hellenic Republic of Cyprus".[29][30] Turkey claimed that under the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, the coup was sufficient reason for military action to protect the Turkish Cypriot populace, and thus Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July. Turkish forces proceeded to take over the northern four-elevenths of the island (about 37% of Cyprus's total area). The coup caused a civil war filled with ethnic violence, after which it collapsed and Makarios returned to power.[citation needed]

On 2 August 1975, in the negotiations in Vienna, a population exchange agreement was signed between community leaders Rauf Denktaş and Glafcos Clerides under the auspices of United Nations.[31][32] On the basis of the Agreement, 196,000 Greek Cypriots living in the north were exchanged for 42,000 Turkish Cypriots living in the south[33] (the number of settlers was disputed[34]). The Orthodox Greek Cypriots in Rizokarpaso,Agios Andronikos and Agia Triada chose to stay in their villages,[35] as did also CatholicMaronites in Asomatos, Karpasia andKormakitis. Approximately 1,500 Greek Cypriots and 500 Turkish Cypriots remain missing.[36] The invasion led to the formation of the first sovereign administrative body of Northern Cyprus in August 1974, theAutonomous Turkish Cypriot Administration.

In 1975, the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus (Kıbrıs Türk Federe Devleti) was declared as a first step towards a future federated Cypriot state, but was rejected by the Republic of Cyprus and the United Nations.

After eight years of failed negotiations with the leadership of the Greek Cypriot community,[citation needed] the north unilaterallydeclared its independence on 15 November 1983 under the name of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.[37] This was rejected by the UN and the Republic of Cyprus.

1983–present

Atatürk Square, North Nicosia in 2006, with the Northern Cyprus and Turkish flags.

In recent years, the politics of reunification has dominated the island's affairs. The European Union decided in 2000 to accept Cyprus as a member, even if it was divided. This was due to their view of Rauf Denktaş, the pro-independence Turkish Cypriot President, as the main stumbling block, but also due to Greece threatening to block eastern EU expansion. It was hoped that Cyprus's planned accession into the European Union would act as a catalyst towards a settlement. In the time leading up to Cyprus becoming a member, a new government was elected in Turkey and Rauf Denktaş lost political power in Cyprus. In 2004, a United Nations–brokered peace settlement was presented in a referendum to both sides.[38]The proposed settlement was opposed by both the president of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos, and Turkish Cypriot presidentRauf Denktaş; in the referendum, while 65% of Turkish Cypriots accepted the proposal, 76% of Greek Cypriots rejected it. As a result, Cyprus entered the European Union divided, with the effects of membership suspended for Northern Cyprus.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby DrCyprus » Sun Mar 20, 2016 10:41 am

It's obvious to everyone here that shitposting in this forum gives you a slight high.

The prospect of getting to people, or making people angry or making them post their opinions on your shit 4 minutes to type or 1 minute to copypaste opinion.

Well, guess what. It's not like that, you are wrong and even Lordo thinks you are ridiculous.

Enjoy.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby Lordo » Sun Mar 20, 2016 4:46 pm

DrCyprus wrote:It's obvious to everyone here that shitposting in this forum gives you a slight high.

The prospect of getting to people, or making people angry or making them post their opinions on your shit 4 minutes to type or 1 minute to copypaste opinion.

Well, guess what. It's not like that, you are wrong and even Lordo thinks you are ridiculous.

Enjoy.

oi who gave you permission to talk for me. talk for yourself sunshine.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby Jerry » Sun Mar 20, 2016 8:50 pm

If you are capable H read and try to understand what the UN Secretary General said about your leadership. You are a minority in Cyprus - like the Kurds are in Turkey but you expect to be treated as an equal community. I say bollocks to that and to you, you pathetic little creep. :D

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (U Thant) in 1965:

"The Turkish Cypriot leaders have adhered to a rigid stand against any measures which might involve having members of the two communities live and work together, or which might place Turkish Cypriots in situations where they would have to acknowledge the authority of Government agents. Indeed, since the Turkish Cypriot leadership is committed to physical and geographical separation of the communities as a political goal, it is not likely to encourage activities by Turkish Cypriots which may be interpreted as demonstrating the merits of an alternative policy. The result has been a seemingly deliberate policy of self-segregation by the Turkish Cypriots"

(UN Report S/6426 10.6.65)
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby Lordo » Mon Mar 21, 2016 12:10 pm

even to this day you still push out the old crap about self segregations when eoka with the full cooperation of the roc police killed innocent tcs and terrified them into the enclaves. you bastards will never learn. you too stupid to learn anything except what you have been told.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby Jerry » Mon Mar 21, 2016 8:41 pm

Lordo wrote:even to this day you still push out the old crap about self segregations when eoka with the full cooperation of the roc police killed innocent tcs and terrified them into the enclaves. you bastards will never learn. you too stupid to learn anything except what you have been told.


Bastard yourself you bloody hypocrite, your thugs killed your own people to enforce the segregation.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby repulsewarrior » Mon Mar 21, 2016 9:30 pm

...indeed, anytime we choose to take as a side, "Greek", or "Turkish", we ignore the fact that both killed, murdered, Cypriots.

Cypriots exist, Cyprus exists, it is not composed of only "two" categories, as those "two" would like "us", meaning the rest of us, to believe.

...MrH, pardon me, a Turk you are not, nor a Cypriot, too hate filled, you are a "Turk", one of those no better than the "Greek" you hate so much.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby Lordo » Mon Mar 21, 2016 9:55 pm

Jerry wrote:
Lordo wrote:even to this day you still push out the old crap about self segregations when eoka with the full cooperation of the roc police killed innocent tcs and terrified them into the enclaves. you bastards will never learn. you too stupid to learn anything except what you have been told.


Bastard yourself you bloody hypocrite, your thugs killed your own people to enforce the segregation.

listen you stupid asshole, i never denied tmt killed tcs but it was not for enclaves, it was because they were left wing. gc police and eoka did exact same thing to gcs. have you ever accepted that you bastards including your police killed innocent tcs. i not heard asshole. and when it comes to un information we all know what they did as soon as they heard a sound of gunfire. they can shove their reports where the sun dont shine charluimu.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby kurupetos » Tue Mar 22, 2016 10:18 pm

Lordo wrote:
Jerry wrote:
Lordo wrote:even to this day you still push out the old crap about self segregations when eoka with the full cooperation of the roc police killed innocent tcs and terrified them into the enclaves. you bastards will never learn. you too stupid to learn anything except what you have been told.


Bastard yourself you bloody hypocrite, your thugs killed your own people to enforce the segregation.

listen you stupid asshole, i never denied tmt killed tcs but it was not for enclaves, it was because they were left wing. gc police and eoka did exact same thing to gcs. have you ever accepted that you bastards including your police killed innocent tcs. i not heard asshole. and when it comes to un information we all know what they did as soon as they heard a sound of gunfire. they can shove their reports where the sun dont shine charluimu.

Too bad you were not punished.
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Re: From 1960 to the TRNC - The End!

Postby MrH » Thu Mar 24, 2016 2:05 pm

by Jerry » Sun Mar 20, 2016 8:50 pm
If you are capable H read and try to understand what the UN Secretary General said about your leadership. You are a minority in Cyprus - like the Kurds are in Turkey but you expect to be treated as an equal community. I say bollocks to that and to you, you pathetic little creep. :D

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (U Thant) in 1965:

"The Turkish Cypriot leaders have adhered to a rigid stand against any measures which might involve having members of the two communities live and work together, or which might place Turkish Cypriots in situations where they would have to acknowledge the authority of Government agents. Indeed, since the Turkish Cypriot leadership is committed to physical and geographical separation of the communities as a political goal, it is not likely to encourage activities by Turkish Cypriots which may be interpreted as demonstrating the merits of an alternative policy. The result has been a seemingly deliberate policy of self-segregation by the Turkish Cypriots"

(UN Report S/6426 10.6.65)


Jerry,

When are you and your Greek Cypriot minded people going to realize that the Turkish Cypriots are NOTHING to do with the Greek Cypriot LEAD/and HIJACKED so called "Republic of Cyprus"? Stop living in the Bloody past! Here are some REAL FACTS to Consider, and please read and understand them properly:

1) The Turkish Cypriots live (regardless of how) under their own TAIWAN style "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" recognized by 82 million Turks of Turkey.

2) Any new Cyprus plan will be to the REMOVAL of the Greek Cypriot lead "Republic of Cyprus" to a "Federal, United" type of formula with TWO Constituent states with SELF-GOVERNING Powers - Otherwise it Won't happen!

3) Although the EU have Accepted the entire island of Cyprus into the EU, they have also stipulated that only the Greek Cypriot Administered area has "Effective Control" under the EU norms until a COMPREHENSIVE settlement of the "CYPRUS PROBLEM" is found. In exact words "The EU has special legal arrangements for North Cyprus which makes it a special territory within the EU"

4) Read the following: https://www.ciaonet.org/attachments/15614/uploads

5) And finally, based on the above, why is your Greek Cypriot President always Compelled and FORCED to the negotiating table to discuss ONLY a Federal formula similarly to that of the Annan Plan Recognizing two Federated Constituent state if his/your Hijacked "Republic of Cyprus" is the END ALL?

Wake up and read the above to your Greek Cypriot Politicians and watch the ANGER of their reactions as they frustratingly tell you that it's the honest and practical truth even if it's against their wishes!
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