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Re: Oil

Postby Robin Hood » Tue Mar 10, 2020 9:59 pm

Cyprusgrump:
Over a million in the US then? Operating successfully and making them self sufficient in oil...

And of those million or so fracked wells, how many disastrous 'Earth tremors' polluted water events or flames from taps were there...?

Can you answer, or will you and ErLOLZ just cling to the Straw Man of Wytch Farm...?

I notice you never answer anything ..... you just spout your opinion most of which is ill-informed rubbish! :roll:

Unlike you I can actually answer your questions and provide some facts ..... take the bucket off ...... YOU are the conspiracy theorist simply through denial of any facts that are presented to you. You talk a load of rubbish on subjects you know nothing about ..... apart from what you read in ‘scientific’ journals like The Guardian and The Telegraph!

Facts About Fracking

In 2000, there were about 276,000 natural gas wells in the United States. But by 2010, that number had almost doubled to 510,000, according to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). And every year, about 13,000 new wells are drilled. According to a 2014 study, at least 15.3 million Americans have lived within a mile of a fracking well that has been drilled since 2000.

The areas where fracking is most profitable include the Great Plains from Canada south into Texas, the Great Lakes region and an area known as the Marcellus Shale, which reaches from central New York into Ohio and south to Virginia, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

The Marcellus Shale region is particularly attractive to gas drillers because it's a rich supply of natural gas — some call it "the Saudi Arabia of natural gas" or "Frackistan" — and because many of the region's rural communities are economically depressed and eager to attract an energy industry that enjoys handsome profits.

And .................

Researchers from Duke University tested drinking water at 60 sites throughout Pennsylvania and New York; their research was published in 2011 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The researchers found that drinking water near fracking wells had levels of methane that "fell squarely within a range that the U.S. Department of Interior says is dangerous and requires urgent 'hazard mitigation' action," ProPublica reports.

There may be more cases of water that has been contaminated by fracking, but legal settlements and nondisclosure agreements usually prevent access to any documentation of these incidents, The New York Times reports.

A federal study, released in July 2014 by the DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory, did find no evidence that chemicals from the fracking process had contaminated groundwater at one Pennsylvania drilling site.

In addition to water quality issues, fracking wells release compounds into the air, such as benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene and n-hexane; long-term exposure to these has been linked to birth defects, neurological problems, blood disorders and cancer. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has found that workers may be exposed to dust with high levels of respirable silica during hydraulic fracturing. These findings were shared after NIOSH studied 116 full shift air samples at 11 hydraulic fracturing sites in five states.

Benzene, for example, is a known carcinogen, according to the American Cancer Society. In 2012, researchers from the Colorado School of Public Health released a study showing that air pollution caused by fracking could contribute to immediate and long-term health problems for people living near fracking sites. Research by over 150 studies suggests that chemicals released during natural gas extraction may harm human reproduction and development. A 2016 study also found that living near a fracking site might increase a person's risk of developing mild, moderate or severe asthma.

Additionally, many areas of the United States not considered earthquake-prone, such as Ohio and Oklahoma, are now experiencing relatively strong seismic activity; a 2016 study found that the chances of a damaging earthquake occurring in parts of Oklahoma and some neighboring states are just as likely as they are in quake-prone California. Fracking is believed to be the cause of Oklahoma's strongest recorded quake in 2011 and more than 180 tremors in Texas between 2008 and 2009. To start off 2015, an area of North Texas had nine confirmed earthquakes in a 24-hour period. Fracking is being investigated as the cause. Two 2015 studies suggested that hidden faults beneath the surface may explain earthquakes in fracking zones; a 2016 study suggested that one way to calm the shaking was to limit the amount of wastewater pumped into wells deep underground.

The full article .... read it, you could actually learn something:

https://www.livescience.com/34464-what-is-fracking.htm


Note that fracking wells have relatively short lives as the cracks caused soon close up and they need to drill more wells. Hence the inordinately high number of wells drilled. I have never worked on a fracking unit but until I read these articles I had never heard Sea Water Injection referred to as ‘fracking’ in all my 25 years on sites where the practice of SWI is quite common. :roll:
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Re: Oil

Postby cyprusgrump » Tue Mar 10, 2020 10:04 pm

Robin Hood wrote:Cyprusgrump:
Over a million in the US then? Operating successfully and making them self sufficient in oil...

And of those million or so fracked wells, how many disastrous 'Earth tremors' polluted water events or flames from taps were there...?

Can you answer, or will you and ErLOLZ just cling to the Straw Man of Wytch Farm...?

I notice you never answer anything ..... you just spout your opinion most of which is ill-informed rubbish! :roll:

Unlike you I can actually answer your questions and provide some facts ..... take the bucket off ...... YOU are the conspiracy theorist simply through denial of any facts that are presented to you. You talk a load of rubbish on subjects you know nothing about ..... apart from what you read in ‘scientific’ journals like The Guardian and The Telegraph!

Facts About Fracking

In 2000, there were about 276,000 natural gas wells in the United States. But by 2010, that number had almost doubled to 510,000, according to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). And every year, about 13,000 new wells are drilled. According to a 2014 study, at least 15.3 million Americans have lived within a mile of a fracking well that has been drilled since 2000.

The areas where fracking is most profitable include the Great Plains from Canada south into Texas, the Great Lakes region and an area known as the Marcellus Shale, which reaches from central New York into Ohio and south to Virginia, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

The Marcellus Shale region is particularly attractive to gas drillers because it's a rich supply of natural gas — some call it "the Saudi Arabia of natural gas" or "Frackistan" — and because many of the region's rural communities are economically depressed and eager to attract an energy industry that enjoys handsome profits.

And .................

Researchers from Duke University tested drinking water at 60 sites throughout Pennsylvania and New York; their research was published in 2011 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The researchers found that drinking water near fracking wells had levels of methane that "fell squarely within a range that the U.S. Department of Interior says is dangerous and requires urgent 'hazard mitigation' action," ProPublica reports.

There may be more cases of water that has been contaminated by fracking, but legal settlements and nondisclosure agreements usually prevent access to any documentation of these incidents, The New York Times reports.

A federal study, released in July 2014 by the DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory, did find no evidence that chemicals from the fracking process had contaminated groundwater at one Pennsylvania drilling site.

In addition to water quality issues, fracking wells release compounds into the air, such as benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene and n-hexane; long-term exposure to these has been linked to birth defects, neurological problems, blood disorders and cancer. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has found that workers may be exposed to dust with high levels of respirable silica during hydraulic fracturing. These findings were shared after NIOSH studied 116 full shift air samples at 11 hydraulic fracturing sites in five states.

Benzene, for example, is a known carcinogen, according to the American Cancer Society. In 2012, researchers from the Colorado School of Public Health released a study showing that air pollution caused by fracking could contribute to immediate and long-term health problems for people living near fracking sites. Research by over 150 studies suggests that chemicals released during natural gas extraction may harm human reproduction and development. A 2016 study also found that living near a fracking site might increase a person's risk of developing mild, moderate or severe asthma.

Additionally, many areas of the United States not considered earthquake-prone, such as Ohio and Oklahoma, are now experiencing relatively strong seismic activity; a 2016 study found that the chances of a damaging earthquake occurring in parts of Oklahoma and some neighboring states are just as likely as they are in quake-prone California. Fracking is believed to be the cause of Oklahoma's strongest recorded quake in 2011 and more than 180 tremors in Texas between 2008 and 2009. To start off 2015, an area of North Texas had nine confirmed earthquakes in a 24-hour period. Fracking is being investigated as the cause. Two 2015 studies suggested that hidden faults beneath the surface may explain earthquakes in fracking zones; a 2016 study suggested that one way to calm the shaking was to limit the amount of wastewater pumped into wells deep underground.

The full article .... read it, you could actually learn something:

https://www.livescience.com/34464-what-is-fracking.htm


Note that fracking wells have relatively short lives as the cracks caused soon close up and they need to drill more wells. Hence the inordinately high number of wells drilled. I have never worked on a fracking unit but until I read these articles I had never heard Sea Water Injection referred to as ‘fracking’ in all my 25 years on sites where the practice of SWI is quite common. :roll:


Yarp,

As expected, your opinion on fracking is as credible as your opinion on the twin towers...

...and yet the US is still self sufficient due to fracking...

Who knew how disastrous it would be eh...? :lol:
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